Example academic essay
Example academic essay: The Death Penalty. This essay shows many features that are important commonly appear in essays.
If the death penalty be restored in the united kingdom?
The restoration associated with the death penalty for serious crimes is an issue of debate in britain because of the recent increase in violent crime. The complexities, effects and answers to the nagging problems of violent crime throw up a number of complex issues that are further complicated by the way that crime is reported. Newspapers often sensationalise crime so that you can increase circulation and this makes discussion that is objective difficult. This essay will firstly examine this topic by thinking about the arguments put forward by those who work in favour of the death penalty and then by taking a look at the arguments in opposition to the concept.
The main arguments in favour of restoring the death penalty are the ones of deterrence and retribution: the theory is that individuals will be dissuaded from violent crime when they know they’re going to face the greatest punishment and therefore people should face exactly the same treatment which they gave off to others. Statistics show that after the death penalty was temporarily withdrawn in Britain between 1965 and 1969 the murder rate increased by 125% (Clark, 2005). However, we need to look at the possibility that other reasons might have lead to this rise. Amnesty International (1996) claims that it’s impractical to prove that capital punishment is a greater deterrent than being given a life sentence in prison and that “evidence….gives no support to your evidence hypothesis theory.” This indicates at the best that the deterrence theory is yet to be proven. The idea of ‘retribution’ is a fascinating one: there is a appeal that is basic the easy phrase ‘the punishment should fit the crime’. Calder (2003) neatly summarises this argument when he says that killers give up their rights once they kill and that then it shows that we undervalue the right to live if punishments are too lenient. There are more points too meant for the death penalty, one of these being cost. It is obviously far cheaper to execute prisoners promply as opposed to feed and house them for years at a stretch.
The arguments resistant to the death penalty are mainly ethical within their nature, it sends out the wrong message to the rest of the country that it is basically wrong to kill and that when the state kills. Webber (2005) claims that the death penalty makes people genuinely believe that ‘killing people is morally permissable’. This really is an argument that is interesting would you teach children not to ever hit by hitting them? Wouldn’t this instead show them that hitting was indeed ‘permissable’? Addititionally there is the reality that you may execute innocent people. Innocent people can invariably be released from prison, however they can’t ever be cut back from the dead. When individuals have been killed there’s no chance of rehabilitation or criminals attempting to make up for crimes. With this good reason capital punishment has been called ‘the bluntest of blunt instruments’ (Clark, 2005).
In summary, the arguments put forward by individuals who support or are contrary to the death penalty often reflect their deeper principles and beliefs. These beliefs and principles are deeply rooted in life experiences and also the real way people are brought up and tend to be unlikely to be swayed by clever arguments. It is interesting that in this national country most people are in favour of the death penalty yet parliament will continue to oppose it. In cases like this it can be argued that parliament is leading the way in upholding human rights and will continue to broadcast the clear message that killing is definitely wrong.
You need to be in a position to observe that this essay is made of:
An introduction in three parts:
1. A sentence saying why the topic is relevant and interesting.
2. A sentence (or two) mentioning the down sides and issues mixed up in topic.
3. A plan of the essay.
Main paragraphs with:
1. A subject sentence which provides a main idea/argument which tells us what the complete paragraph is mostly about.
2. Evidence from outside sources which support the argument(s) put forward in the sentence that is topic.
3. Some input that is personal the author analysing the points put forward into the topic sentence while the outside sources.
Summarises the main points and gives a response into the question.